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Shirley Goldstein Media Collection

 Collection — Box: 2018-059
Identifier: MSS-0131

Content Description

The collection of 54 audiocassette tapes, 11 microcassette tapes, and 2 VHS videotapes about Soviet Jewry was given to Glenn Richter by Shirley Goldstein. Richter provided descriptions of most of the audiocassette tapes at the time of the donation in 2018.


  • Circa 1972-2006


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research use. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the Nebraska Public Records Statutes (Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 84-712 through 84-712.09), and other relevant regulations. Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Nebraska Omaha assumes no responsibility.

Conditions Governing Use

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, Archives & Special Collections will provide information about copyright owners and related information. Securing permission to publish or use material is the responsibility of the researcher. Note that unless specifically transferred to the University of Nebraska at Omaha, any applicable copyrights may be held by another individual or entity. Further information about copyright policy is available at


0.75 Cubic Feet (2 boxes; 2 VHS tapes (loose)) : Audiocassette tapes; Audiocassette tapes (microcassettes); VHS

Language of Materials



Collection has not yet been arranged and described.

Custodial History

Shirley Goldstein sent the tapes to Glenn Richter, who donated them to University of Nebraska at Omaha Libraries' Archives & Special Collections in December 2018.

Related Materials

Related to: Leonard and Shirley Goldstein Papers.

Inventory Provided by Donor


1 – Could be 9/28/1975, possibly in Prof. Benjamin Levich's apartment. Side A: Music, then famed Moscow refusenik Vladimir Slepak giving message to "Jews of Pennsylvania". Then, in front of Moscow Choral Synagogue - Possibly Vladimir Slepak; Moscow refusenik Abe Stolar, born in Chicago, and still a US citizen; Taped inside (Levich's apt?) - Moscow refuseniks Anatoly Sharansky; Lydia Korenfeld; wife (Natasha?) of 1970 Leningrad Trial's Prisoner of Conscience Yuri Federov. Side B: completely unintelligible.

2 – The audio on this tape is better than the equivalent on tape #1. Side A: halfway through, the last seconds of Sharansky's message; Lydia Korenfeld; wife (Natasha?) of 1970 Leningrad Trial's Prisoner of Conscience Yuri Federov. Side B: famed Moscow refusenik Vladimir Slepak giving message to "Jews of Pennsylvania";

Moscow refusenik Abe Stolar, born in Chicago, and still a US citizen; Moscow refusenik Anatoly Sharansky; copies of Lydia Korenfeld and Yuri Federov's wife from side A.

3 – Apparently May 1972 – Side A: message from the British All-Parliamentary Committee on Soviet Jewry about the effort to publicize the bar mitzvah of Leonid Slepak (born 5/16/69), younger son of famed Moscow refuseniks Vladimir & Masha Slepak. The prime minister and many others signed a siddur sent to Leonid, which was barred by the Soviets. Leonid gives a message to Britishers. Side B: blank.

3A – same as #3.

4 – Talk to United Jewish Appeal in December 1977, in New York City. Major General George Keegan is a highly articulate political conservative and anti-Soviet and says he was the head of the US Air Force intelligence for six years before his resignation. The thrust of his talk, which covers sides A and B, is largely about the threat of the USSR to the US and world peace. There are a couple of mentions of Soviet Jews, but no details.

5, 5A – Same as #4.

6 – 2/2/92 – Dennis Prager broadcast with Holocaust rescuers. Both sides.

7 – Undated. Side A: Short song in honor of Buddy Goldstein.

8 – 1977 – Side A: apparently audio of a tv interview with Avital (Natasha/Natalia) Sharansky, translation by her brother Mikhail Stiglitz, and Congresswoman Millicent Fenwick (NJ). Side B blank.

9 – 6/14/77 – Side A: audio of tv program on the Helsinki Agreement and pushes for human rights in the eastern bloc; fleeing via the Yugoslavia-Austria route; Soviet Jews who arrive in Vienna on the Chopin Express, some on to Rome, arrival in New York. Side B blank.

10 – November 1977 – Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds General Assembly, Dallas, TX – Side A: Abe Bayer, Soviet Jewry point man at the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council; former Moscow refusenik Prof. Benjamin Fain, who said he'd arrived in Israel about 5 months before. Fain references the imprisoned Anatoly Sharansky and Yosef Begun, the Kremlin's widespread anti-Jewish campaign, refusenik life, and his thoughts on allowing Jewish self-educational materials into the USSR. Side B: Dr. Tzvi Gitelman, expert on Russian Jewry. Charlotte Jacobson. Ted Comet. Al Chernin. Rabbi Pinchas Teitz of Lakewood, NJ, a proponent of quiet diplomacy and strengthening of Jewish life within the USSR, responded to by Profs. Gitelman and Fain. Abe Bayer.

11 – 6/22/77, Omaha Jewish Community Center - Vladimir Frumkin, musicologist who emigrated in 1974, singing unofficial songs from the USSR.

12 - June 27, 1974 – Side A: At the time of the second Nixon-Brezhnev summit in Moscow, Shirley Goldstein is interviewed on KFAB radio, Omaha, about possible exit visas for noted Moscow refusenik scientist Dr. Benjamin Levich, his wife and two sons. Their sons Evgeny and Alexander left in 1975, and Dr. and Mrs. Levich in 1978. Side B blank.

13 – July 5, 1974 – Side A: Shirley Goldstein's call from her home to Moscow refusenik Galina Siniavskaya. That name is not immediately recognizable, but she is apparently married to Victor, perhaps has a daughter Irene, and she's friends with Prof. Benjamin and Tanya Levich. Side B blank.

14 - 1974, at the new Jewish Community Center in Omaha. Side A: Shirley Goldstein introduces Sister Ann Gillen, executive director of the National Interreligious Task Force on Soviet Jewry. She speaks about her recent visit to the USSR, meeting with, among others, Anatoly & Tamara Galperin; Luntz, Slepak and Brailovsky families; in Leningrad, the Varnivitsky and Rabinov families, Polina Epelman; the plight of refusenik scientists. Side B: continuation. [TAPE SEPARATED FROM SPINDLE]

14A – ending of Sister Ann Gillen's talk.

15 – January 1977. Side A: Leningrad refuseniks – Aba Taratuta (?) appeals to foreign scientists and mathematicians; Serge Semievsky, Rimma Sosna, Ilya Levin. Side B: Levin continued, Oksana Chertina, Grigory Goman, Valentin Simanovsky, Ida Taratua, Aba Taratuta.

16 – 1978 – Side A: Popular Jewish band Safam's album, Encore, with its famed song about refuseniks, "We Are Leaving Mother Russia". This is the original version, modified later when Anatoly Sharansky emigrated to Israel. Wikipedia states, "'Leaving Mother Russia', was written by Solomon about the plight of Jewish refuseniks unable to leave the Soviet Union, and was debuted at a 1977 concert at the Hillel House at Rutgers University before appearing on the band's second album, Encore (1978). Years later, while they were performing the song at a rally at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York City, Natan Sharansky, the song's inspiration, came onstage and stood with the band." Side B: 1983 - Safam's album, Bittersweet, with song, "Just Another Stranger" about Soviet and other olim in Israel.

17 – Probably June 1977 – Side A: Omaha tv interview by Joni Ballion (spelling on tape label differs) with Vladimir Frumkin, Soviet Jewish emigre musicologist, on underground music in Russia, with his mention of anti-Jewish discrimination on his Moscow tv show. He emigrated in 1974 and taught at Oberlin College. On 6/22/77, the Omaha Committee for Soviet Jewry featured him in a benefit concert at the JCC. Side B blank.

18 – 11/12/77 – Sides A and B: Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, Dallas, TX – Golda Meir's address. She passed away 13 months later in Israel.

19 – Side A: Same as Side B of #10, but #19 is the original. Side B: Abe Bayer; Jerry Goodman.

20 – 1996 – Side A: A totally different side of Michael Sherbourne of London, famed Soviet Jewry activist, in a tape friendship message to Buddy and Shirley Goldstein. Michael sings and recites Cockney rhyme, then in Yiddish about American Indians, in English parody "17th Century Prayer of a Nun", rumination in verse on old age, name of a Welsh town, thoughts, poem on Matilda, other poems, limericks and songs. Side B: Selections from 1965 record, "You Don't Have to be Jewish".

21 – 2/14/77 (or 8/14/77, two dates on tape label) – Side A: William F. Buckley, probably audio of his Firing Line tv show, interviewing famed Soviet non-Jewish dissident Vladimir Bukovsky.

22 – 3/17/83 – Side A: Closing session of Third World Conference on Soviet Jewry, Jerusalem. Speakers include New Jersey Governor Thomas Kean, Prime Minister Menachem Begin. Side B: PM Begin continued, reading of final declaration.

23 – Possibly 9/28/75 – Side A: Bella Ramm, wife of Dr. Dimitry Ramm, who was involved in the refusenik scientific seminars of Alexander Voronel. Shirley Goldstein's voice can be heard on tape. Male voice questioning Bella could be Wally Provost of the Omaha World-Herald. Tanya and Dr. Benjamin Levich; Dr. Levich was at the time the highest-ranking Soviet Jewish scientist to demand an exit visa. They finally received exit visas in 1978. Side B: Tape label says Prof. Fine, probably Benjamin Fain, heard in freedom in tape #10. Shirley's discussion outside Moscow synagogue with possibly Vladimir Slepak, about getting audio tapes out from the USSR and other arrangements. Moscow refuseniks Abe Stolar and Anatoly Sharansky (same as tape #1, but clearer). Is this Sharansky's famed "bathroom tape"?

24 – Side A: Safam's "Just Another Stranger"; "We Are Leaving Mother Russia".

Tape label says "Jewish school – Riga" (perhaps the Simon Dubnov School), so this is Shirley Goldstein's 1989 visit to the USSR; children singing famed Yiddish song, "Oyfen Pripetchik". Shirley's extensive talk with man, a teacher in the school. Side B: Continuation of conversation with teacher. Music of Hatikvah, and another song. Children singing in Yiddish, singing Hebrew songs "Shuv Itchem", "Hava Nagila", "V'Taher Libeinu". Perhaps Shirley's visit was at the time of the Conference of Jewish Communities of the USSR in Riga in late May 1989.

25 – After December 1985 (Kissinger discusses Robert McFarlane's resignation) – Side A: Henry Kissinger. Venue appears to be Omaha or nearby, since there also a question from the Omaha World Herald. The second question is from Morris Maline of the Omaha Jewish Press about Soviet Jews. Gorbachev had told Rev. Jesse Jackson that Russian Jews are doing well and don't want to leave. Kissinger replies that it's known that hundreds of thousands want to emigrate and if they try to do so face very serious discrimination. Side B is blank.

26 – Tape label says 12/23/86. Side A: Rally in Jerusalem for Soviet Jews. Unknown m.c. (Yosef Mendelevich?), Moshe Arens, former Prisoners for Zion Natan Sharansky and Vladimir Brodsky, Knesset member David Zucker, Lynn Singer, Vladimir Magarik. Side B blank.

27 – 1/23/87 – Commission on Inquiry on Human Rights in the USSR, Washington, DC, with Members of Congress. Natan Sharansky speaks, then is questioned. Side B blank.

28 – 9/28/75 – Side A: Only Vladimir Slepak's message to the "Jews of Pennsylvania", with no other refusenik's messages. Note that reason Slepak's message is deep into the tape is that after recording, tape was rewound to beginning. If KGB or customs would play the first few minutes of the tape they'd only hear music. Side B blank.

29 – 10/29/85 – Union of Councils for Soviet Jews meeting; Washington, DC. Side A: Unknown speakers. Major address by famed British historian and Soviet Jewry activist Martin Gilbert. Side B: Chairman Morey Schapira. Message from former Prisoner for Zion Yosef Mendelevich. Congressman Dante Fascell, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, deeply involved with the Helsinki Commission.

30 – SPLIT TAPE. Side A label says Ida Nudel. Side B label says Sister Ann Gillen, and may be the same as #14.

31 – 1/23/87 – Side A: Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the USSR. Same as #27, but this tape has introductory remarks by unknown US Senator. Dr. Yuri Orlov, noted former non-Jewish dissident. Natan Sharansky. Side B: Sharansky continued.

32 – Possibly around October 1974, when Senator Henry Jackson and Sec. Of State Kissinger exchanged letters about Soviet Jewish emigration (see Shirley Goldstein's voice can be heard on tape. Taped in Leningrad. Side A: Label says Edward Reines, refusenik, speaking about Jackson-Vanik Amendment, says "we live in a time of absolute uncertainty", says he recently visited wife of Prisoner for Zion Mark Dymshitz, need for proper information about Israel. Voice of another unknown refusenik. Apparently Reines' mother. Side B: Tape label says Alex, Edward Reines, wedding palace, type (there is discussion of buying a typewriter), communal apartment. Unknown refusenik. TAPE SEPARATED FROM SPINDLE.

33 – Unknown date – Side A: Shirley Goldstein calling Tanya Levich, wife of Prof. Benjamin Levich, one of the highest-ranking refusenik scientists. Tanya's voice is muffled. Side B: continuation of phone call.

34 – 12/24/76 – Side A: Members of the University of Nebraska-Omaha tour to USSR sing very clever KGB parody song to tune of "Santa's Coming To Town". Apparently recorded on a train. Side B: 1978 – Series of interviews by Di Saggall on KFAB radio (Omaha) with Alexander (Sanya) Slepak, older son of famed Moscow refuseniks Vladimir and Masha Slepak. Sanya received an exit visa in October 1977.

35 – 7/16/75 – At office of Amnesty International, New York city. Side A: Noted American supporter of Soviet dissidents Edward Klein discusses the human rights in the USSR, non-Jewish Prisoners of Conscience, Jewish prisoners and refuseniks. See NY Times obituary, "Edward Kline, 'Silent Partner' in Aiding Soviet Dissidents, Dies at 85" (6/29/17), Side B is continuation.

36 – undated, though context would put it about 1983. Side A: Audio of a slide show on plight of Soviet Jews. Narrator is Martin Gilbert.

37 – 2/19/76, in Brussels, at Second World Conference on Soviet Jewry Side A: Golda Meir. Unidentified speakers, reading of final declaration. Then, about 50% in, Golda is introduced and begins speaking. Side B: Completion of Golda's speech. She ends by stating, "I guarantee you, the rulers of Moscow. The Jews of the Soviet Union will be free."

38 – Side A: 6/27/74 – KFAB Omaha radio interview with Shirley Goldstein and Levich family1974 – Side B: Shirley Goldstein's phone call with Galina Siniavskaya of Moscow about Levichs and Galina's refusenik family. Same as #13.

39 – 11/77 - Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds conference, Dallas, TX. Side A: Jackie Levine; Dr. Tzvi Gitelman. Side B: Gitelman continued, former Moscow refusenik Dr. Benjamin Fain (this part also copied on #10, but #39 is the original); Q&As with, among others, Dallas Soviet Jewry activist Leo Laufer; Jerry Goodman.

40 – Same as #19. Also is an original tape.

41 - 6/14/77 – Sides A and B: NBC News - "The Struggle for Freedom", presented by Garrick Utley and John Dancey. The New York Times reported ( –

"With Garrick Utley anchoring from Belgrade, the program takes some fresh close‐up looks at dissident movements in Russia and, with John Dancy as reporter, in Eastern Europe. Andrei Sakharov and other well‐known dissidents are seen and interviewed on private film. Well‐known exiles, including Vladimir Bukovsky and the wife of Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, are included. Recent film footage shows anti‐Government demonstrations of ethnic Germans in Russia and students in Poland. Clips from Czechoslovakia document dissidents being followed constantly and blatantly by Government agents. And the final section of this NBC documentary is devoted to Soviet‐bloc refugees in special centers in Austria and Italy.

"The script doesn't ignore certain American "ambiguities" on human rights, most notably in the support of repressive Governments in such countries as South Korea, the Philippines or Brazil. But it is unflinching in its view of Russian "liberties," dismissing the listing of several "freedoms" in the Soviet Constitution as mere "lip service." Taken together, the debate and documentary afford television viewers valuable background for and insight into the Belgrade talks." {on the Helsinki Agreement}

42 – Perhaps 1974. Side A: Shirley Goldstein's taped phone call to Glenn Richter, national coordinator, Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry, discussing the formation of the Omaha Committee for Soviet Jewry and with whom it should affiliate, and the ongoing debate over the Jackson Amendment. Side B blank.

43 – 10/14/75 – Sides A, B: Program at the Omaha Jewish Community Center on Soviet Jews. Panelists include Shirley Goldstein, Wally & Irene Provost (Wally was a sports columnist for the Omaha World-Herald), Ann Kennedy.

44 – 6/75 – Sides A, B:Yiddish program for Soviet Jewry, from the Workman's Circle Chorus.

45 – Nov. or Dec. 1977 – Side A: Message from Alexander Slepak, older son of famed Moscow refuseniks Vladimir & Masha Slepak. Tape label says UJA and written notation says Philadelphia, so this could be a message to the Philadelphia UJA, or one that the Phila. UJA distributed. Side B blank.

46 – Unknown date, but after October 1974. Unknown man reading either a letter in English, or translating it on the fly, from a Efim, speaking first about the decision that his friend Edik in Leningrad must make whether to apply to emigrate. Efim then speaks about himself – from Leningrad emigrated October 1974, age 32, mechanical engineer, wife Raya, age 26, dentist, couple headed to Toronto. Side B blank.

47 – 11/7/79 – Location is a unidentified university – Sides A, B: former Moscow dissident and three-time Prisoner of Conscience Alexander Ginzburg, expelled to the US earlier in 1979 along with Leningrad Trial defendants Edward Kuznetsov and Mark Dymshitz.

48 – 10/29/85 – Washington, DC – Union of Councils for Soviet Jews meeting. Side A: Rev. John Steinbruck, Luther Place Memorial Church, downtown Washington, a cherished friend of the Soviet Jewry movement, speaking about the Christian response to the plight of Jews in the USSR. Side B: UCSJ chair Morey Schapira is speaking. Includes preparation for peaceful arrests at the Soviet Embassy.

Annotations by Glenn Richter, Nov-Dec 2018


Shirley Goldstein Media Collection
Amy Schindler; Angela Kroeger
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Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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Repository Details

Part of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Archives & Special Collections Repository

Archives & Special Collections
Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library
6001 Dodge St.
Omaha Nebraska 68182-0237 United States