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Bison to Barley

 Digital Record
Identifier: MSS0028_007


  • circa 1943-1944



A preliminary index of the film based on the version received has been created. • Clip 01: :00 Title card 1: “Bison – to _ Barley – by - Hal F. Chenoweth”, title card 2: “A story of the – development –of our – Mid-Continent – Area”; title card 3: The producer wishes to acknowledge helpful suggestions in script preparation by Ora Williams, Curator of Iowa State Department of History and Archives; The Nebraska State Historical Society, A.E. Sheldon, Secry; Dr. Edward Bumgardner of Lawrence, Kansas; Rev. J.R. Perkins, author “Trails, Rails and War”, and Other Midwestern Historians.”; opens with father and son in living room, boy asks father for help with school project on “the historical settlement of our area”; narrator launches into history of region from archaeological digs, Native American tribes, Spanish explorers, French explorers, Louisiana Purchase, Lewis & Clark expedition; 00:05:27 Lewis & Clark council monument north of Council Bluffs, Sioux City monument marking burial of member of the party, Santa Fe Trail; 00:06:15 litany of other Americans and Europeans who traveled the Missouri beginning with Kit Carson; 00:06:53 house of Father Hamilton, oldest church in Nebraska, Bellevue Presbyterian Church, in Bellevue; 00:07:46 Mormon settlers, ceremony unveiling a statue in the Florence cemetery honoring those who died while in winter quarters in Florence (present-day Omaha) in the later 1840s, guests included President and Mrs. Kiefer J. Grant of the LDS; 00:09:25 Omaha tribe annual powwow at Macy, Nebraska, eagle dance; ends at 00:10:01. • Clip 02: 0 – Continues at powwow, conflicts between Native Americans and European American settlers in 19th century, stops on the Underground Railroad in Kansas; 00:01:47 Zephyr train inaugural service between Lincoln, Omaha, Kansas City, Zephyr millionth mile; 2:57 monument to Abraham Lincoln’s visit to Council Bluffs in 1859; 3:35 monument to Union Pacific transfer in Council Bluffs railway yards attendees; 3:58 official opening of Omaha’s Union Station; 4:21 more railroad construction across the plains; 4:49 Union army soldiers parading on Memorial Day, growth of communities with migration; 5:47 one room schoolhouses evolution to larger schools, churches, colleges, college football; 7:07 midwestern city street cars drawn by horses, electric streetcars were introduced in the 1880s, buses made their way into use in outlying communities in the 1930s, trucks from horse drawn to modern; 8:45 Omaha stockyards and livestock exchange building, meatpacking plants; ends at 10:00. • Clip 03: 0 – Continues at impact of McCormick reaper, grain exchange, dairy industry; litany of visitors; 3:19 build-up to WWI, Wilson visit footage used again, parade in Lincoln of soldiers departing included 1918 Nebraska football team and other organizations; 4:30 National Guard companies preparing to leave, soldiers receiving vaccinations, farewell ceremonies included Civil War veterans, various company drills and preparations, women trained on the home front, crowds and parades greeting troops returning at the end of the war; ends at 10:00 cutting off accident of returning troop train that toppled into the Platte River near Ashland, Nebraska. • Clip 04 : 0 – Continues at troop train accident; General Pershing visits Omaha and Lincoln, Pershing for President movement in his hometown of Lincoln followed, Omaha erected a monument to Pershing; 1:56 prohibition enforcement in the late 1910s; 2:15 Lindbergh landed the Spirit of St. Louis in Omaha in 1927; 2:35 farmers were called on to produce more for the nation and the starving masses in Europe, stock market crash of 1929, Great Depression; 3:25 diesel powered boat bringing the first barge up the newly deepened Missouri River channel; 4:05 rearmament meant expansion of Martin plant, mass induction in 1942; 4:47 inspection of troops at Doane College, various battalions drilling, Fort Burke; 5:30 first amphibious jeeps in the Midwest crossed the Platte River in 1943; 5:58 William M. Jeffers returning to Omaha from his service on the War Production Board to again lead Union Pacific (“In 1942, Jeffers agreed to serve for one year in the War Production Board as Rubber Director, where he organized the manufacture of rayon to boost the synthetic rubber industry. He also ordered gasoline rationing before resigning in 1943.”); 6:13 In September 1943, the American Legion national convention was held in Omaha; 7:16 return to son and father in living room, son wishing he could do more in the war effort, decides he will collect more stamps to buy a war bond and then will collect more; ends at 8:13.

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Processing Information

This film was received in digital format and had been divided into multiple clips before donation. Criss Library staff have edited the clips together here for ease of viewing.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Archives & Special Collections Repository

Archives & Special Collections
Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library
6001 Dodge St.
Omaha Nebraska 68182-0237 United States